Publications of the Center for Brain, Consciousness, and Cognition

Recent Published Research

Books and Book Chapters    

Travis, F., Collins, J. (2021). Consciousness-Based Education: Effects on Brain Integration and Practical Intelligence, In Workplace Innovations: Advancing Innovation and Sustainable Outcomes in International Graduate Education, Eds. M Gurubatham, IGI Global, pg. 144 – 159.

Travis, F. (2021). Negative and Positive Mindwandering, In Workplace Innovations: Advancing Innovation and Sustainable Outcomes in International Graduate Education, Eds. M Gurubatham, IGI Global, pg. 177 – 192.

Travis, F. (2021). Innovation, Creativity and Brain Integration, In Workplace Innovations: Advancing Innovation and Sustainable Outcomes in International Graduate Education, Eds. M Gurubatham, IGI Global, pg. 160 – 176.

Travis, F. (2018) Long Term Changes in Experienced Yoga Practitioners: Growth of Higher States of Consciousness in TM Subjects, In Telles, S, Singh, N. (Ed), Research-Based Perspectives on the Psychophysiology of Yoga IGI Global, Hershey PA, 3 – 35

Wallace, K. and Travis, F. (2016). Dharma Parenting, Tarcher/Penguin: New York

Harung, H. and Travis, F. (2015). Excellence through Mind-Brain Development, Routledge/Gower: London.

Travis, F. (2015) How Meditation Heals: The Brain and Higher States of Consciousness,   In Prescribing Health, Transcendental Meditation in Contemporary Medical Care, Eds: D. O’Connell and D. Bevvino, New York: Lowman and Littlefield.


Travis, F, Lipman, J, Parim, N, Hodak, P &. Leete, J. (2021) EEG Patterns and Performance When Facing the Cardinal Directions, International Journal of Psychological Studies; Vol. 13, No. 2; pg 20 – 24.

Travis F. (2021) Consciousness is Primary: Science of Consciousness for the 21st Century, International Journal of Psychological Studies; Vol. 13, No. 1; pg 1-11.

Travis F. On the Neurobiology of Meditation: Comparison of Three Organizing Strategies to Investigate Brain Patterns during Meditation Practice. Medicina (Kaunas). 2020 Dec 18;56(12):712. doi: 10.3390/medicina56120712. PMID: 33353049; PMCID: PMC7767117.

Travis, F. Melzer, A., Scharf D. (2020) Effects of Maharishi Light Technology with Gems: A random-assignment, placebo-controlled, blinded pilot study, SAGE Open Medicine, Volume 8: 1–7, DOI: 10.1177/205031212091827

Travis, F., Nash, J., Parim, N., & Cohen, B. (2020). Does the MRI/fMRI Procedure Itself Confound the Results of Meditation Research? An Evaluation of Subjective and Neurophysiological Measures of TM Practitioners in a Simulated MRI Environment. Fontiers in Psychology, Aptil 28. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00728

Avvenuti, G., Leo, A., Cecchetti, L., Franco, F., Travis, F., Caramella, D. Bernardi, G. Ricciardi, E. Pietrini, P. (2020). Reductions in perceived stress following Transcendental Meditation practice are associated with increased brain regional connectivity at rest, Brain and Cognition, 139: 1 – 11

Travis, F. (2019) Temporal and spatial characteristics of meditation EEG Psychol Trauma. 2019 12(2):111-115 Jul 8. doi: 10.1037/tra0000488.

Vieten C, Wahbeh H, Cahn BR, MacLean K, Estrada M, Mills P, Murphy M, Shapiro S, Radin D, Josipovic Z, Presti DE, Sapiro M, Chozen Bays J, Russell P, Vago D, Travis F, Walsh R, Delorme A. (2018) Future directions in meditation research: Recommendations for expanding the field of contemplative science. PLoS One. Nov 7;13(11):e0205740. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0205740.

Travis, F, Valosek, L. Konrad, A, Link J., Salerno, J. Scheller, R. Nidich, S. (2018) Effect of meditation on psychological distress and brain functioning: a randomized controlled study. Brain and Cognition, 125:100-5.

Mahone, M., Travis, F.T Gevirtz, R.and Hubbard, D. (2018) fMRI during Transcendental Meditation Practice, Brain and Cognition, 123: 30-33.

Wahbeh H, Sagher A, Back W, Pundhir P, Travis F. (2018) A Systematic Review of Transcendent States Across Meditation and Contemplative Traditions. Explore (NY). 14(1):19-35. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2017.07.007. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Gobec, S and Travis, F. (in press) Effects of Maharishi Yoga Asanas on Mood States, Happiness and Experiences during Meditation, International Journal of Yoga.

Faber PL, Travis F, Milz P, Parim N., (2017). EEG microstates during different phases of Transcendental Meditation practice. Cogn Process. 2017 Aug;18(3):307-314. doi: 10.1007/s10339-017-0812-y. Epub 2017 Apr 27

Travis, F., Parim, N. and Shrivastava, A. (2017) Higher Theta and Alpha Coherence when Listening to Vedic Recitation Compared to Coherence during Transcendental Meditation Practice, Consciousness and Cognition, 49 (2017) 157–162.

Travis, F. and Parim, N. (2017) Default Mode Network Activation and Transcendental Meditation Practice: Focused Attention or Automatic Self-Transcending? Brain and Cognition, 111:86-94.

Lagrosen, Y. and Travis, F. (2016), “Developing a neuropsychological measurement to capture workplace learning”, Journal of Modelling in Management, online, pre-published version, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 783-801.

Travis, F. (2016). Transcending as a driver of development, New York Academy of Sciences, 1373(1):72-77.

Travis, F. and Wallace, K. (2015). Dosha brain‑types: A neural model of individual differences, Journal of Ayurveda & Integrative Medicine, 6(4), 280-285.

Wenuganen, Supaya. (2014). Anti-Aging Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program: Analysis of Ojas Level and Global Gene Expression Maharishi University of Management, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 3630467.

Lagrosen, Y. & Travis, F. (2015), Exploring the connections between quality management and brain functioning, The TQM Journal, Vol. 25, No 5, pp. 565-575.

Travis, F. and Lagrosen Y. (2014). Creativity and Brain-Functioning in Product Development Engineers: A Canonical Correlation Analysis. Creativity Research Journal. 26(2), 239–243.

Boes, R., Harung, H. S., Travis, F. & Pensgaard, A. M. (2014). Mental and Physical Attributes Defining World-class Norwegian Athletes: Content Analysis of Interviews. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 24, 422-427.

Travis, F. (2014). Transcendental Experiences during Meditation Practice, New York Academy of Sciences: Advances in Meditation Research: Neuroscience and Clinical Applications, 1: 1-8.

Charles, G., Travis, F. and Smith, J (in press) Policing and Spirituality: Their Impact on Brain Integration and Consciousness. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion

Rees, B., Travis, F., Shapiro, D., and Chant, R. (2014). Significant Reductions in Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Congolese Refugees after 10 days Transcendental Meditation Practice. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 26, 295–298.d

Heaton, D., & Travis, F. (2013). Consciousness, empathy, and the brain. In K. Pavlovich and K. Krahnke (Eds.), Organizing through empathy, pp. 17-33. Oxford, UK: Routledge.

Rees, B., Travis, F., Shapiro, D., and Chant, R. (2013). Reduction in Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Congolese Refugees Practicing Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 2013, 26, 295–298.

Lagrosen, Y, Travis, F and Lagrosen, S. (2012). Brain Integration as a driver for QM success.

International Journal of Quality & Service Sciences, 4(3), 253-269.

Travis, F. (2012). Core and Matrix Thalamic Nuclei: Parallel Circuits Involved in Content of Experience and General Wakefulness. NeuroQuantology. 10(2), 46-53.

Harung H.S., Travis F. (2012). Higher mind-brain development in successful leaders: testing a unified theory of performance. Cognitive Processing. 13: 171-181.

Heaton, D. P., Travis, F. & Subramaniam, R. (2012). A Consciousness-Based approach to management education for integrity. In C. Wankel and A. Stachowicz-Stanusch (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Teaching Ethics in Business and Management Education, pp. 66-79, Hershey PA, IGI Global.

Ludwig, M., Travis F. et al (2011), Brain activation and cortical thickness in experienced meditators, dissertation, The California School of Professional Psychology , Alliant International University, San Diego

Grosswald, S.J. and Travis, F. (2011) ADHD and Stress: The Role of Meditation to Reduce Stress, and Improve Brain Function and Behavior Regulation. In Current Directions in ADHD and Its Treatment, pg 195-210

Travis F. (2011). Mindfulness and psychologic well-being: are they related to type of meditation technique practiced? J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Nov;17(11):983-4.

Travis, F. (2011) Comparison of Coherence, Amplitude, and eLORETA Patterns during Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Practice, International Journal of Psychophysiology, 81, 198–202

Haaga D., Grosswald S., Gaylord-King C., Rainforth M., Tanner M., Travis F., Nidich S., Schneider, R. (2011). Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Substance Use Among University Students. Cardiology Research and Practice, 53, 71-80.

Travis, F. (2011). States of Consciousness Beyond Waking, Dreaming and Sleeping: Perspectives from Research on Meditation Experiences. In D. Certkovik, I Cosvic. States of Consciousness: Experimental Insights into Meditation, Waking, Sleep and Dreams. Frontier collection.

Travis F, Grosswald S and Stixrud W. July (2011) ADHD, Brain Functioning, and Transcendental Meditation Practice. Mind & Brain, The Journal of Psychiatry., 2(1). 73-81.

Travis, F., Harung, H. and Lagrosen, Y. (2011). Moral Development, Peak Experiences and Brain Patterns in Professional and Amateur Classical Musicians: Support for a Unified Theory of Performance, Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 1256–1264

Harung H.S., Travis F., Pensgaard A.M., Boes R., Cook-Greuter S., Daley K., (2011). High Levels of Brain Integration in World-class Norwegian Athletes: Towards a Brain Measure of Performance Capacity in Sports. Scandinavian Journal of Exercise and Sport, 1, 32-41.

Travis, F. and S. Brown, (2011). My Brain Made Me Do It: Brain Maturation and Levels of Self-Development, in The Postconventional Personality: Perspectives on Higher Development, A.H. Pfaffenberger, P.W. Marko, and T. Greening, Editors, SUNY Press: New York, pg. 23-38.

Travis, F. and Shear, J. (2010). Reply to Josipovic: Duality and non-duality in meditation research, Consciousness and Cognition, 19: 1120-1121.

Travis, F. and Shear, J. (2010) Focused Attention, Open Monitoring and Automatic Self-Transcending: Categories to Organize Meditations from Vedic, Buddhist and Chinese Traditions, Consciousness and Cognition. 19:1110-1119.

Travis, F., Haaga, D.H., Hagelin, J., Tanner, M., A., Nidich, S., Gaylord-King, C., Grosswald, S., Rainforth, M., & Schneider, R. (2010). A Self-Referral Default Brain State: Patterns of Coherence, Power, and eLORETA Sources during Eyes-Closed Rest and the Transcendental Meditation Practice. Cognitive Processes, 11(1), 21-30.

Nidich S.I., Rainforth M.V., Haaga D.A., Travis, F., Carolyn King, John Salerno, Melissa Tanner, Sarina Grosswald and Robert Schneider (2009). A randomized controlled trial on effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on blood pressure , psychological distress, and coping in young adults. Am J Hypertens 22,1326-31.

Harung, H.F., Travis, F., Blank, W., Heaton, D. (2009) Higher development, brain integration, and excellence in leadership, Management Decision, 47(6), 872 – 894.

Travis, F. (2009). Brain functioning as the ground for spiritual experiences and ethical behavior. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 78(5), 26-32.

Travis, F., Haaga, D.H., Hagelin, J., Tanner, M., Nidich, S., Gaylord-King, C., Grosswald, S., Rainforth, M., & Schneider, R. (2009). Effects of Transcendental Meditation Practice on Brain Functioning and Stress Reactivity in College Students. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 71, 170-176.

Grosswald, S. J., Stixrud, W. R., Travis, F., & Bateh, M. A. (2008, December). Use of the Transcendental Meditation technique to reduce symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) by reducing stress and anxiety: An exploratory study. Current Issues in Education [On-line], 10(2).

Travis, F.T. (2006). Are All Meditations the Same? Comparison of Brain Patterns, Benefits, and Descriptions of Mindfulness Meditation, Tibetan Buddhist Meditation and Transcendental Meditation. Towards a Science of Consciousness: Abstracts, 263, p. 181.

Travis, F.T. and Arenander, A. (2006). Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Study of Effects of Transcendental Meditation Practice on Frontal Power Asymmetry and Frontal Coherence, International Journal of Neuroscience, 116(11): 1519-1538.

Travis, F.T. (2006) From I To I: Concepts of Self on an Object-Referral/ Self-Referral. Continuum, A. P. Prescott, Ed. The Concept of Self in Psychology, New York: Nova Publishing.

Travis, F.T., Arenander, A., DuBois, D. (2004) Psychological and physiological characteristics of a proposed object-referral/self-referral continuum of self-awareness. Consciousness and Cognition, 13/2, 401–420.

Travis, F.T. (2003) The significance of transcendental consciousness for addressing the “hard” problem of consciousness. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 16, 123–135.

Travis, F.T., Tecce, J., Arenander, A., Wallace, R.K. (2002). Patterns of EEG coherence, power, and contingent negative variation characterize the integration of transcendental and waking states. Biological Psychology, 61, 293–319.

Travis, F.T., Olsen, T., Egenes, T., &Gupta, H.K. (2001). Physiological patterns during practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique compared with patterns while reading Sanskrit and a modern language. International Journal of Neuroscience, 109, 71–80.

Travis, F.T. (2001). Autonomic and EEG patterns distinguish transcending from other experiences during Transcendental Meditation practice. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 42, 1–9.

Travis, F.T., Tecce, J.J., Guttman, J., (2001). Cortical plasticity, contingent negative variation, and transcendent experiences during practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique. Biological Psychology, 55, 41–55.


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